Beema Samiti (Insurance Board) is the Insurance Regulatory Authority of Nepal, the line ministry of the Ministry of Finance, Government of Nepal. The word ‘Beema’ means ‘Insurance’ and ‘Samiti’ connotes ‘Board’. Hence, the Word ‘Beema Samiti’ is synonymous to Insurance Board which is constituted to systematize, regularize, develop and regulate the insurance business within the country under Insurance Act, 1992. This Samiti (Board) looks after all the insurance related activities in the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. As a regulatory body, the Board’s main concern is to create a professional, healthy and developed insurance market in Nepal.
Further more, after the restoration of democracy in 1990 AD, insurance environment began to change simultaneously along with other factors. Thus to meet the requirements of the changing situation, Insurance Act, 1968 was repelled by new Insurance Act, 1992 (Beema Ain, 2049). The preamble of the Act clearly states the purpose of the Act, thus “to establish an Insurance Board to systematize, regularize, develop and regulate the insurance business”. To achieve the goal of the preamble, Beema Samiti (Insurance Board) is formed as an autonomous body the Insurance Act of 1992.